Generative artificial intelligence is continuously improving, and many users have started integrating it into their workspace to enhance productivity. However, many people use it for medical recommendations, even though it was not developed for medical purposes. Generative AI tools like ChatGPT may be asked for medical recommendations, such as for cancer, but there are several reasons why they are not suitable for medical purposes.
ChatGPT has limitations and potential risks when it comes to medical recommendations. The limitations include inaccuracies and biases in the data when using ChatGPT.
Why ChatGPT is not suitable for medical recommendations
OpenAI has trained it on a massive dataset, making it capable of providing general information about health conditions, certain medications, diseases, and other medical topics. However, using AI for severe or critical medical advice is not recommended. Any generative AI, such as OpenAI ChatGPT, Microsoft Bing, Meta AI’s LLAMA, or Google Bard, is unsuitable for professional medical advice.
However, you can get much information on various topics, including health-related issues, but it needs to be qualified to offer personalised medical recommendations. Medical recommendations require many details about patients, as every patient has a different medical history. This includes current symptoms, medication use, and other factors. This is why you cannot customise, and AI can only adequately do it if it solely relies on pre-existing data and algorithms.
Not only this, there is a need for further communication and empathy, which is challenging for AI to replicate. This is where human doctors and medical professionals possess the necessary training, expertise, and bedside manners to deliver appropriate care and guidance. It is only recommended to use ChatGPT as assistance in medical education, research, and clinical management rather than as a replacement for human medical professionals.
ChatGPT generates responses very confidently, even though they may contain a mix of incorrect and correct information that can be potentially dangerous. If ChatGPT generates anything related to medical advice, consult with experts on that topic. Although generative AI tools may not be accurate enough to depend on for cancer treatment plans, they are more widely discussed as having the potential to detect cancer early, which is more likely to be treated successfully.
You can use ChatGPT for general information about health-related topics, but relying on it for medical advice or diagnosis is not recommended. It is always best to consult with a healthcare professional about any questions or concerns about your health. Despite the accuracy, there is also a concern about privacy, as the company stores data to improve its AI model. Sharing your personal details with AI, including your medical advice, is not recommended since they could be shared with other users or misused.
Researchers have performed various tests, such as testing sound and cancer treatment, where errors are often shown. For a perfect recommendation, it will take a lot of time. Researchers found that the plan for treatment for cancer patients has significant issues as it includes inappropriate treatment recommendations. ChatGPT is helpful in gaining medical knowledge, but double-check before actually using its recommendations.
Any unregulated device should not be used for medical advice because there are potential risks of people misunderstanding or applying such information to their health. According to a report, ChatGPT cannot be used to get inappropriate cancer treatment recommendations in one-third of cases. It is crucial to consult with licensed doctors or healthcare providers for personalised medical advice who can evaluate specific situations, provide accurate diagnoses, and suggest effective treatment options.
Ethical considerations, such as transparency and accountability in AI-generated content, raise many concerns. Patients should always discuss with clinicians and not solely rely on ChatGPT for medical advice.
Even professionals and doctors need help to identify problems and provide medical recommendations, including incorrect ones. Due to reasons such as ChatGPT being unreliable, providing false information, and requiring great care, especially in high-stakes contexts. According to a report, more than 12% of responses had hallucinations or recommendations not in the guidelines. ChatGPT’s shared information may only sometimes make sense due to its trained dataset, and those might not always be false.
While you can learn about specific conditions or symptoms, sometimes the results could be inaccurate, provide false information, or lead to incorrect diagnoses. For serious medical advice, it is advised that users get in touch with healthcare professionals to get recommendations instead of relying on services like ChatGPT. One of the most critical technologies of the decade could end up enriching and empowering just a handful of companies, including OpenAI, Microsoft, Meta, and Google. World-changing technology, which would have the most significant benefits, might be felt if made more widely available and accessible.